UNDP has worked in Mozambique since 1976, with the formalization of a cooperation agreement between UNDP and the Government of Mozambique. The Standard Basic Framework Agreement was signed in 1976, in less than a year after Independence, and establishes UNDP’s presence in the country.
What do we want to accomplish?
Within the framework of a pilot country on the accelerated UN reform, UNDP works with all other UN agencies in the country to support Mozambique human development efforts. Thus we are part of the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF).
We are working with the Government of Mozambique, academia, civil society, private sector, and other national and international partners to help find solutions to persistent and emerging development challenges. We continue to provide policy advisory and capacity development services, technical expertise, and knowledge in areas of environment and energy, poverty reduction and economic development, disaster risk reduction and adaptation to climate change, governance, human rights, women empowerment and HIV and AIDS.
OU overarching goal is to reduce poverty and disparities to improve the lives of the most disadvantaged people in Mozambique. To achieve this, outcomes are formulated in three focus areas in which the United Nations has a comparative advantage: the economic area, the social area, and governance. In line with its mandate, UNDP will contribute to six of the eight UNDAF outcomes in the economic and governance focus areas, complementing the contributions of other organizations.
What are our results?
UNDP cooperation in Mozambique has, since the end of the transition period from war to peace in the mid-1990s, focused on the broad areas of deepening the roots of multi-party democracy, particularly with a focus on participatory local governance; poverty eradication; and environment and natural resource management and on HIV and AIDS.
Although there has not been a recent Assessment of Development Results for Mozambique, the findings of several external evaluations provide credible evidence that UNDP assistance has contributed to the development process of Mozambique. UNDP country programmes of assistance have contributed to important advances, most notably among others:
- (a) strengthened democratic governance highlighted by successful electoral management, increased budget oversight capacity of the Parliament and civil society;
- (b) increased access to justice and rule of law, the creation of a human rights commission;
- (c); improved MDG-based development planning and policy management;
- (d) the decentralization process, including the elaboration of the decentralization policy and strategy, and the strengthening of local economic development agencies;
- (e) an improved legal and institutional framework for equitable economic development, including the elaboration of the rural finance strategy;
- (f) mainstreaming HIV and AIDS and gender in development planning, particularly at the decentralized level, as well as new laws on HIV and domestic violence;
- (g) a significantly increased institutional capacity for disaster risk reduction;
- (h) stronger capacity to adapt to climate change; and
- (i) advances in demining to make a mine-free country achievable.
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