Highlights of UN response to Mozambique flooding
The Government of Mozambique through the National Institute for Disaster Management (INGC) is leading the coordination of the emergency support and continues to mobilize additional resources to cover gaps. The CERF proposal, submitted on 28 January by UN and partners, was approved on 4 February and is currently being disbursed. Amounting to $3.2M, the proposal covers life-saving needs in shelter, WASH, food security, logistics and protection in Zambézia. The Humanitarian Country Team also prepared the 6-month Response and Recovery Proposal of $30.1M for lifesaving and life-sustaining aid to affected population, to help restore livelihoods and a return to normalcy, as well as boost logistics and operational capacity.
- UNDP Mozambique has provided coordination support to the government, nationally and in the flood-affected regions
- In the coming weeks, work will begin with the formulation of a livelihood recovery project proposal and expanded early recovery plans
UNDP specifically provides strategic support to the UN Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) through coordination efforts, expertise, and information management. This support is both at decentralized levels and as the Early Recovery Cluster leader. Early recovery work includes restoring basic community services, and ensuring that affected people have early access to livelihood opportunities. UNDP holds that these efforts should promote sustainable, locally-owned and resilient processes for post-crisis recovery. As such, supporting the national and local government systems in their coordination is an important component of our work.
In the context of the current crisis:
- UNDP Mozambique has provided coordination support to the government, nationally and in the flood-affected regions of Zambezia and Nampula, deploying technical staff.
- With the government and other agencies, UNDP is supporting a rapid needs assessment on food security in some of the affected provinces. This support includes technical expertise and personnel in Zambezia and logistical support in Nampula and Niassa.
- In the coming weeks, work will begin with the formulation of a livelihood recovery project proposal and expanded early recovery plans.
- Additionally, as requested by the GoM, UNDP will be providing significant technical support to the Post-Disaster Needs Assessment
Highlights of the UN Response
• Food Security
WFP is providing food assistance to more than 40,000 people living in accommodation centers and resettlement areas in 5 districts (Mocuba, Mopeia, Morrumbala, Namacurra, Nicoadala) with 320 metric tons of assorted commodities. WFP still face difficulties in providing assistance to about 10,600 people living in accommodation centers in the hard-to-reach district of Maganja da Costa. The airlifted food assistance, critically needed in this district, is expected to start within a week.
Parts of Zambézia province are still inaccessible by land, placing continued burden on the logistics of the relief efforts. These districts include Maganja da Costa, Mopeia, Derre, Morrumbala, Lugela, Namarrói, Gilé, Gurúè, and Mulevala. Besides boats, a truck, and several 4x4 vehicles, a helicopter is now providing airlift support.
At least 6,000 families in accommodation centers in Zambézia have received the water purification product “Certeza”, as well as family and hygiene kits. UNICEF has provided 1.5 tons of chlorine to treat the Mocuba water supply system with, ensuring safe water to Mocuba town and affected people settled around it. Similarly, the Gurue water supply system was treated using 150kg of chlorine provided by UNICEF and covering water supply to about 26,500 people.
In response to diarrhea/cholera outbreaks and as per the Government request, UNICEF sent over 32,000 units of Certeza to Niassa (5,000), Nampula (15,000) and Tete (12,160) provinces, in addition to communication materials for hygiene promotion.
The current needs for shelter are estimated at 44,000 people. Access for delivering shelter items is still limited and airlift is needed. The Government and NGOs have distributed shelter kits containing tarpaulins, tools and fixings, household items, and tents. UNHCR distributed plastic sheeting in Nampula to affected people and refugees.
• Health & Nutrition
33 accommodation centers in Zambézia province require basic health care services, which the UN is helping government provide. This week, UNFPA is distributing 50 reproductive health kits to cover 50,000 women, including kits for clinical delivery, rape treatment, oral and injectable contraception, STI treatment and management of miscarriage. Nutrition supplies are available on site, and treatment of malnutrition is ongoing. Community radios in affected districts are being supported, to enable behavior change and health promotion programmes in Portuguese and local languages.
There are growing numbers of malaria and diarrhea in accommodation centers (1,835 and 244 cases respectively). A cholera outbreak was also confirmed in Tete, Nampula and Niassa provinces, with 1,908 cases and 24 deaths, of which 739 cases including 17 deaths in Tete province alone. The outbreak in Tete is growing, while in Nampula and Niassa, it has slowed. Chlorine and medical supplies, as well as communication materials and technical support, have been dispatched.
In accommodation centers in Zambézia, there are 6,563 children, 1,286 orphans, 680 elderly, 266 pregnant women, 551 female single heads of household, as well as 89 people with disabilities among the displaced, all requiring protection services. 9,000 family kits were distributed, and UNFPA will be distributing 1,600 dignity kits to increase protection of women and girls against gender-based violence.
A total of 1,641 classrooms were partially or totally destroyed in Niassa, Nampula and Zambézia, along with a substantial quantity of teaching and learning materials. 23,750 learning kits, 89 school kits and 11 schools tents have so far been dispatched.
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UN-HTC Communication Specialist
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