Disaster Risk Resilient Livelihoods Recovery in Gaza Province
In 2013, nearly 85,000 people were affected by the floods and temporarily displaced, from their homes, with nearly 50,000 seeking refuge in temporary shelters in the worst-hit districts of Chokwe and Guija.
With the onset of the cyclical rainy season and flooding, from the 29th of September to the 2nd of October, the Mozambique National Disaster Management Institute (INGC) with UNDP support distributed four disaster-preparedness kits to communities living in the Guija District.
The communities involved are those located in flood-prone areas of Gaza and were among the most badly affected by the 2013 floods. Since that time, UNDP’s livelihood recovery project has been working to build resilience and promote early recovery in Guija and three other Gaza districts, Chokwe, Chibuto and Xai-Xai.
Preparedness is a key element of the resilience building process and Local Risk Management Committees (CLGR) have proven essential in ensuring that their respective communities reduce their risk towards natural hazards. For this reason, UNDP has supported the foundation and capacity-building for twenty CLGRs within Gaza. These committees are composed of 15-18 community members, with strong women representation, who volunteer themselves to serve the community as they prepare for emergencies.
Once the CLGR are created, they receive a training where they learn how to prepare community contingency plans and develop vulnerability risk maps. Having received these trainings, they are then provided with an emergency kit. This kit is composed of several items which enable the volunteers to carry out specific tasks for example the radio communicator is given a radio, life-vests are given to the search and rescue officers among others.
“These items will help us when there is flooding,” said the coordinator of the Ndonga Community CLGR, Ms. Zaltina Mandlaz. “The loudspeakers, hats and vests are particularly useful as people in our community will know who we are. This way they will listen to us when we give them warnings or instructions during emergencies."
Ms. Mandlaz was speaking at the Ndonga distribution event which saw community members come together to take responsibility for the kits and to discuss best-practices for disaster response. The co-ordinator went on to say that, while these kits will be very useful, there must also be continued support for the local committees. She said that her committee would benefit from additional training in flood-specific response. In particular, Ms. Mandlaz hoped they would be able to have a local simulation for practical experience.
While the kit distribution was taking place, a monitoring and evaluation survey was being implemented by a DPA officer. The survey seeks to measure the impacts of seed distribution and knowledge acquired through community training on conservation agriculture which took place earlier this year. It is hoped that the lessons learned from this project will enhance livelihood recovery responses in the event