Poverty Reduction: In-depth
The Poverty Reduction, Environment and Crisis Prevention and Recovery Unit was established in 2013 to promote a more complementary approach to address the interrelation between poverty reduction and the effective management of natural resources.
As stated in the UNDAF 2012 – 2015, the United Nations aims at tackling economic disparities through a concentration on the rural poor, especially women and youth, improving their productive capacities, improving income and livelihoods, and reducing vulnerability to natural disasters. Under the first three outcomes of the UNDAF, UNDP is therefore working to strengthen institutional and legal framework for fostering inclusive growth.
This effort is centered in the rural economy, and help increase economic opportunities for micro, small and medium sized enterprises in rural and peri-urban areas through inclusive market strategies. It also increases the availability of financial services by developing inclusive and innovative microfinance products and services, building on its experience in local economic development.
With its well-established leadership position in the area of disaster risk reduction, we focus on the closely linked concerns of disaster risk reduction, adaptation to climate change, and environment and natural resource management, with the aim of strengthening the legislative framework as well as planning and management capacities of national-level institutions and local governments. In addition, we are advocating for reflecting the needs of the most vulnerable. We also continue to work with the National Demining Institute to clear all landmines by 2014.
We are also strongly contributing to the joint UN programmes in the areas of disaster risk reduction and climate change. This includes the support to the National Disaster Management Institute. In 2009, Mozambique joined the Africa Adaptation programme, aiming at establishing an institutional framework to manage climate change risk.
Additionally we continue our long term support of the National Demining institute in implementing the national mine action plan and some NGOs in their demining activities. Mine action, climate change and disaster risk reduction-related inputs are provided to the government’s review process of its poverty reduction plan.