Ensure environmental sustainability
Where we are?
The consumption of ozone layer depleting substances has increased from 0.5 million tons of ODS in 2003 to 0.9 million tons of ODS in 2009. This ozone layer depleting substances consumption is in agreement with the economic growth occurring in the country, with increases in air conditioners and the number of vehicles circulating in the country, among others. Mozambique has already banned the import of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), through Resolution 78/2009 of 22 December. However, there are large amounts of CFCs in stock at national level, requiring their collection and subsequent destruction in centres with the appropriate technologies.
For biodiversity conservation several protection measures were established for sensitive habitats (including marine and coastal environments). This resulted in the creation of new national parks and reserves, implying an increase in the percentage of protected areas (from 11% to 16%).
Concerning the forest coverage indicator, the 2008 forest survey concluded that forest coverage in Mozambique was estimated at 51%. The rate of deforestation was calculated at 0.58%.
Coverage of improved drinking water and sanitation
The target in this objective is to increase sustainable access to water supply and sanitation to at least 70% and 50% respectively of the rural population by 2015.
Constraints on the achievement of the targets for 2015
The difficulties faced in the achievement of some targets were:
Lack of training for the importers about banned chemicals as well as chemicals that are in the process of being banned at international level; lack of training for refrigeration and air conditioning technicians about banned substances and substances being banned as well as about good environmental practices, with a view to the prevention of atmospheric emissions of ozone layer depleting substances.
Due to the impact of climate change the country is losing natural resources and biodiversity due to cyclical floods, cyclones and droughts.
Recommendations for the achievement of the targets for 2015
To improve sector performance with a view to the rapid achievement of the MDG targets it is necessary to:
Promote measure conducing to adaptation to climate change particularly in the coastal areas; strengthened education, communication, environment promotion actions especially in the local communities; promotion of instruments such as the Strategic Environmental Evaluation (AAE), so that the environmental sustainability of the sector’s programs can be assured; promote capacity building for the refrigeration and climatization technicians on substance that destroy the ozone layer as well as on alternatives substances; equip regional centers for recycling and recovering of ozone destroying substances; collection of all equipment functioning with chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) and halogenated substances for destruction; bromide importers to guarantee these substances banning until 2015.