Mozambique identifies SDG ‘accelerators’ for sustainable developmentOct 23, 2018
The National Reference Group for the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), a coordinating body for the implementation of SDGs in the country led by the Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF), has identified a series of policies and interventions that can help accelerate Mozambique’s progress towards achieving the Agenda 2030 goals.
Engineer Cristina Matusse, Director of MEF’s National Department of Planning and Budget stated that "the SDGs National Reference Group is fundamental in contributing to the analysis and identification of programms and policies that accelerate progress towards sustainable development and achieving efficiency gains ".
The Reference Group discussed strategic options for the country and identified the creation and improvement of sustainable and resilient social and productive infrastructures for climate change, the development of agriculture and fisheries and their value chains, and the investment in inclusive, accessible and sustainable education and health, as priority areas to accelerate sustainable and inclusive development in Mozambique.
The Group identified "accelerators" with the potential to contribute to the achievement of strategic options, including decentralization of public investment management to the local level; the promotion of improved and resilient production and agro-processing techniques; and, the expansion of education and health services considering demographic variables.
These recommendations resulted from a reflection forum held in Maputo at an event to observe the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty, 17 October 2018. The event was organized by the Ministry of Economy and Finance and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP).
Addressing the participants, the Permanent Secretary from the Ministry of Economy and Finance, Dr. Domingos Lambo, said that the date was officially celebrated for the first time in Mozambique in 1992, with the aim of alerting the population to the need to eradicate poverty "as an imperative in defense of the basic right of the human being ".
In addition, he stressed that the Country has made progress in the fight against poverty noting that there was a reduction of poverty from 51.7% in 2008/9 to 46.1% in 2014/5. However, he acknowledged that "resource constraint challenges, in part, limit government efforts to accelerate poverty reduction."
Acting UNDP Resident Representative in Mozambique, Martim Faria and Maya, recalled that, according to the most recent publication on the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI), about 1.3 billion people live today in some kind of multidimensional poverty, in 105 countries. This Index includes three key dimensions of poverty, namely: health, education and living standards. People are considered living in multidimensional poverty if they are deprived in at least one of the three dimensions mentioned above.
Martim Faria and Maya also recalled that 2018 coincides with the 70th anniversary of the proclamation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, highlighting the fundamental link between extreme poverty and human rights, noting that poverty itself is a denial of the most basic human rights.
In the event, which included members of the Mozambique Government, Cooperation and Development Partners, the National SDGs Reference Group, Private Sector, Civil Society, among others, the statistical update of the Human Development Index (HDI) recently launched globally, was presented. According to this United Nations publication, Mozambique has risen a place in the annual ranking. For more information, please see the report at http://www.hdr.undp.org/.