Increasing Agricultural Productivity via Private Sector Investment in Mozambique Millennium Villages
What is the project about?
The project is mainly focused on piloting the use of a solar powered irrigation system to increase agricultural productivity in the Chibuto Millennium Village.
The Chibuto Millennium Village is located in the Gaza province (250kmnorth of capital Maputo) in the Lower Limpopo area, epicenter of the 2000 floods which caused substantial human losses, and damage to land and property.
Although a fertile area, the district is frequently affected by floods and recurrent droughts. Agriculture is mostly rain-fed for subsistence. The main economic activities are agricultural and poor households have income in the range USD1-2/day.
Most households farm on 1-2ha, which is sufficient for subsistence but not for surplus production, therefore not generating opportunities for income generation.
Unique and ground-breaking social contribution to farmers lives
The initiative and partnership is a unique and ground-breaking social contribution program that involves a private-sector partnership with a UN organization in Sub-Saharan Africa with a major Japanese company – this is a first for Mitsui, and has not been conducted by many other Japanese companies. It has resulted in concrete initiatives forming public-private partnerships, in which complementary areas of both parties’ expertise can be applied.
Notable achievements of the project in 2012 include the completion of the construction of the Solar Irrigation System and start using the irrigation scheme by MV farmers. Training on operation and maintenance of the system has been provided to the beneficiaries. To facilitate the management of the irrigation, a management manual was developed, which will serve as a practical guide for operation, maintenance, management and sustainability of the irrigation system. Land was prepared and drought resistant seeds were provided to the beneficiaries. An assessment of Chibuto market was done with the villagers and extension officers to understand the needs and guide the selection of crops taking into account the local demand’s prices and clients.
The Ministry of Women and Social Action (Ministério da Mulher e Acção Social - MMAS) and the Ministry of Science and Technology conducted a training specifically for women on how to take part in the organization and management of the irrigation scheme and 10 women were selected by the MV Development Committee to be part of the team in charge of managing the irrigation scheme.
The irrigation system has been finalized and phase II focusing on agricultural extension is currently starting, recognizing that the transition from traditional rain fed agriculture to an intensive, irrigated agriculture involves persistent on job training and extension work to get to the expected yields. Phase II of the project will be critical in this regard and sustainable results on agricultural productivity will be attained in the medium term.
The 2013 floods have considerably impacted the project, causing extensive erosion along the river slopes, particularly near the intake area, changing the slope profile and endangering the water pumps. The inundation of ploughed areas caused an important delay in the crop season. While no infrastructural damages to the system were registered, a permanent technical solution to the erosion problem will need to be implemented. The Government of Mozambique, UNDP and Mitsui are currently working to envision a technical solution.
Who finances it?
|Mitsui Co||$ 792,323||$ 857,999|
|Government of Mozambique||$ 34,918|
Delivery in previous years