Human Development Report affirms need for sustainability and inclusionDec 8, 2017
The United Nations Development Program (UNDP), and one of Mozambique’s major public institutions of higher learning, Universidade Pedagogica, on December 7, 2017 launched the Global Human Development Report, referent to 2016.
The audience that filled the amphitheater included university lecturers and students, development partners, civil society leaders, UN Heads of Agencies and journalists.
Addressing the audience in opening remarks, the University Rector, Dr. Jorge Ferrão challenged UNDP and Mozambique academia to partner in research and produce national human development reports that in order to provide more in-depth country analysis and development solutions.
“We need to follow up with some of the issues raised in the report such as mapping of the deprivations suffered by several excluded groups. It would be important to identify who these groups are, where they are, and how those privations affect them in the Mozambique context as well as drawing the links between appropriate domestic policies and global reforms conducive to development”; appealed the Rector.
UNDP Country Director, Martim Maya noted the significance of launching the report in partnership with a national university. “I would like to register our appreciation to the Rector Jorge Ferrão and his institution, Universidade Pedagogica, not only for hosting this launching ceremony but also for the vision that academia is one of the sectors of society per excellence for producing knowledge that brings solutions for the challenges of sustainable and inclusive development”.
“In fact,” he added, “the report we are launching today is titled Human Development for All. This report examines the premise that development can only be sustainable when no one is left behind. In other words, we can only speak of human development when the benefits of this development are shared equally by all”.
The Country Director described the context in which the report was developed, saying that the world has experienced rapid changes which have impacted the developmental milestone significantly. He reminded the audience that today the planet is home to more than 7 billion people, of whom one in four are young.
“The geopolitical scenario has also changed, with developing countries emerging as economic strength and political power. Globalization has integrated people, markets and work, and the digital revolution has changed human lives. It is in this new context that we speak today of human development for all. But how to achieve the desired human development?” , he posed.
Mr. Maya expounded that human development is a process of broadening people's choices. It implies that people must influence the processes that shape their lives. “In this way of thinking, economic growth is an important medium for human development, but not an end in itself,” he observed.
Human development is the development of people through the building of human capacities, by people, through active participation in the processes that shape their lives, and for people, by improving their lives.
In order to monitor progress in human development, the Report uses some indexes that provide the trends of indicators for people's well-being. One such indicator is the Human Development Index.
The Human Development Index (HDI) integrates three basic dimensions of human development. Life expectancy at birth reflecting the ability to have a long and healthy life. The average years of schooling and the expected years of schooling that reflect the ability to acquire knowledge. And gross national income per capita reflects the ability to achieve a decent standard of living.
To measure human development more comprehensively, the Human Development Report also presents four other composite indices. The HDI adjusted by inequality. The Gender Development Index, which compares the female and male HDI values. The Gender Inequality Index that highlights the empowerment of women, and the Multidimensional Poverty Index, which measures the non-monetary dimensions of poverty.
The report also focusses on universalism, in which Human Development emphasizes respect for human freedoms: freedom to realize the full potential of every human life, not only of some, but of the majority, but of all lives in all parts of the world - now and in the future.
UNDP National Economist, Manuel Filipe presented the report in detail while Ms. Sarita Monjane Henriksen, a Senior Lecturer at the Universidade Pedagogica presented a commentary and facilitated the interactive discussions after the Report presentation.