The new Sustainable Management of Natural Resources for Resilient and Equitable Development – Phase II (SUNRED-2) Project in Mozambique brings together the UNDP-UN Environment Poverty-Environment Action programme (PEA), UNDP Mozambique’s Green Human Development project and the GCF funded National Adaptation Plan project. The programme addresses the relationship between unsustainable management of the environment and natural resources, climate change and climate adaptation, poverty eradication and broader economic growth.
Mozambique is rich in natural resources with fertile lands, minerals, a long coastline and vast forests. Before the debt crisis of 2016, Mozambique was one of the fastest growing economies driven by foreign direct investments in the natural resource and extractive sector. The agriculture, forestry, fisheries, tourism and mining sector together contribute approximately 30% of the GDP. 68% of the population live in rural areas and predominantly depend on natural resources for their livelihoods and well-being.
However, unsustainable management of natural resources and climate change are undermining poverty eradication , climate resilience and economic development efforts. Natural resources richness moreover presents challenges in terms of equitable sharing of revenues, poverty eradication, inclusive economic growth and environmental sustainability. This, highlights the importance to ensure that poverty pressure to demonstrate immediate economic gains does not result in decisions and investment that are not environmentally, socially and economically sustainable in the long term.
Expected Key Achievement
- Strengthened integration of poverty-environment-climate objectives into policies, plans, regulations and investments of Mozambique to accelerate delivery of the 2030 Agenda and the SDGs.
- Development of policies, strategies, plans and budgets are more coherent and better interate environmental sustainability and climate objectives for poverty eradication
Investments in natural resource management support poverty reduction and environmentally sustainable economic growth